Textbooks for biology applied in schools in Russia
AbstractThis article describes textbooks that are used in the teaching of biology in schools in Russia. The characteristics of designing biological programme content are presented. The school textbook, as a book, consists of a system of texts, illustrations, apparatus for acquiring knowledge (methodical apparatus) and elements for orientation in the presented contents. In the textbook of biology, different types of texts are distinguished: basic, additional, explanatory. In Russia, biology textbooks for the school public more than ten publishers. A set of biology textbooks, ensuring the continuity of the study of biology in grades 5-9 (10-11) is called the subject line. Authors of different subject lines of textbooks differently select and structure the content of biological education. Depending on the approach to the structuring of the educational material, all subject lines of textbooks can be divided into two groups (system-structural approach and functional approach). These approaches can have a linear or concentric content structure. Each teacher has the right to choose from the variety of subject lines of biology textbooks those that most satisfy his needs.
Haibulina, K. V. (2015). Opportunities of the UMM "Life Line" when implementing the GEF in the process of teaching biology (in russian: Возможности УМК «Линия жизни» при внедрении ФГОС в процессе обучения биологии). Biology at school ( Биология в школе), (1).
Petrova, A. (2015). How to choose and order a biology textbook for the elementary school (in Russian: Как выбрать и заказать учебник биологии для основной школы). Biology at school, Vol (3).
Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation of September 5, 2013, No. 1047 "On Approving the Procedure for Forming a Federal List of Textbooks Recommended for Use in the Implementation of Initial General, Basic General, and Secondary General Education Programs with State Accreditation (in Russian: Приказ Министерства образования и науки Российской Федерации от 5 сентября 2013 г. №1047 «Об утверждении Порядка формирования федерального перечня учебников, рекомендуемых к использованию при реализации имеющих государственную аккредитацию образовательных программ начального общего, основного общего, среднего общего образования») https://rg.ru/2013/11/01/uchebniki-dok.html .
Sumatokhin, V. S. (2004). A systematic approach to the creation of a school textbook of biology (in russian: Системный подход к созданию школьного учебника биологии). MGOU,133.
Sumatokhin, V. S. (2012). Biology textbooks today: the problem of choice (in Russian: Учебники биологии сегодня: проблема выбора), Biology at school, Vol (4).
Sumatokhin, V. S. (2014). Textbooks of biology, natural sciences and ecology in the federal list for 2014 – 2017 (in russian: Учебники биологии, естествознания и экологии в федеральном перечне на 2014 - 2017 годы), Biology at schools. Vol (5).
Sumatokhin, V. S., Kalinova, G. (2016). Biology Studies in Russian Schools. Journal of Subject Didactics, 1(2), 127-132.
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Subject Didactics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).