Acta Entomologica Serbica Acta Entomologica Serbica is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering entomology published by the Entomological Society of Serbia. It publishes mainly original research papers. ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SERBIA en-US Acta Entomologica Serbica 0354-9410 <p><strong>Copyright:</strong>&nbsp;© 2019 The ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SERBIA Staff. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.</p> ORTHOPTEROIDEA FAUNA OF LESOTHO <p>In total, 134 species in 110 genera and 20 families of the former cohort ‘Orthopteroidea’ were recorded in Lesotho. All records (localities, data of collection, information source) in Lesotho are listed for each species. In southern Africa, the numbers are higher by an order of magnitude, which may indicate how much of the Lesotho fauna is unrecorded. The most speciose order of ‘Orthopteroidea’ in Lesotho is Orthoptera (93 species within 77 genera), and the most speciose family within this order is Acrididae (62 species within 45 genera). All families of ‘Orthopteroidea’ recorded in southern Africa are listed, and the number of species and genera are given separately for the whole subcontinent and Lesotho to elucidate how much is known about Lesotho fauna. At least 10 species of ‘Orthopteroidea’ are endemic to Lesotho: <em>Hyposphaeria guillarmodi, Oxypilus inscriptus, Conocephalus basutoanus, Gymnogryllus politus, Basutacris inflatifrons, Eremidium basutho, Qachas fastigiata, Sphingonotus basutensis, Xiphocera fissa, </em>and <em>Brachyphymus basuto</em>.</p> Grzegorz Kopij ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 29 1 10.5281/zenodo.10708111 THE SMALL CHINA-MARK CATACLYSTA LEMNATA (LINNAEUS, 1758) (LEPIDOPTERA: CRAMBIDAE: ACENTROPINAE) IN SERBIA <p>The Western Palaearctic moth <em>Cataclysta lemnata</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is considered one of Europe’s most common water moths. However, there are limited data regarding the larval stages, particularly in eastern and southeastern Europe. During the 2017-2021 aquatic macroinvertebrate survey<em>, C. lemnata</em> was detected at seven sites in the Pannonian region of Serbia. All sightings were of the larval/aquatic phase and originated from both heavily polluted habitats and relatively unpolluted waterbodies. A consistent feature at all sites is duckweed (<em>Lemna</em> sp.), confirming the preference of<em> C. lemnata</em> for this plant. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the presence of this species in the region and suggest that it may be more abundant in its various aquatic habitats. As the adult stages are simpler to identify, and with the advent of public online databases (Alciphron,, there have been multiple records of adult moths in recent years. Regarding the aquatic stages, there is a need for more comprehensive surveys with a primary emphasis on suitable habitats throughout the region and the use of molecular methods for the identification of early larval stages would be beneficial.</p> Vanja Marković Boris Novaković Milenka Božanić Katarina Stojanović Anđelina Tatović Ivana Živić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 29 1 10.5281/zenodo.11047429 FIRST RECORD OF APLOCNEMUS (DIPLAMBE) ABIETUM KIESENWETTER, 1859 (COLEOPTERA: RHADALIDAE) FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA <p>One male of <em>Aplocnemus</em> (<em>Diplambe</em>) <em>abietum</em> Kiesenwetter, 1859 (Coleoptera: Rhadalidae: Rhadalinae: Aplocnemini) from Bosnia and Herzegovina is reported and illustrated.</p> Isidor S. Plonski ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-03-21 2024-03-21 29 1 10.5281/zenodo.10849162