Anatomy and ontogenesis of foliar galls induced by Odinadiplosis odinae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Lannea coramandelica (Anacardiaceae)

Albert Susy, Rana Switi, Gandhi Dhara

Abstract


Samples of healthy leaves and galls induced by Odinadiplosis odinae on Lannea coramandelica were submitted to routine techniques to investigate morphological and anatomical alterations taking place during gall development. The persistent galls on the midvein and the lateral veins are globose to subglobose/oval, hard, indehiscent, woody, sessile, solid, solitary and light brown in colour with a warty surface. Both palisade and spongy cells proliferate around the larval path. The neoformed parenchyma results from hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the spongy parenchyma cells initially but later the palisade also undergoes hyperplasia. Some of the cells bordering the larval path turn necrotic while certain other cells show meristematic activity due to the stimulus of wounding. The larvae seem to have settled either in the central parenchymatous region or sometimes in the lateral laminar region adjoining the midrib. The medullary cells surrounding the chamber are usually smaller and colourless and the cortical cells are filled with phenolic substances. Parenchyma cells between the vascular bundles also get neoformed and newly differentiated tracheary elements are distinctly observed.

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References


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