Main Article Content

Salim Lebbal
Nabila Hedjazi
Ikram Tabti
Hamza Ouarghi
Azzeddine Zeraib


The excessive use of pesticides has created many problems for both human health and the environment. Therefore, the search for alternative methods has become a necessity. This study aims to test the effect of aqueous extracts of three plant species (Pistacia atlantica, Marrubium vulgare and Thymus algeriensis) on the larvae of the black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) found on the faba bean (Vicia faba) under laboratory conditions.

With regard to extraction, two methods were adopted for the three plants: maceration and infusion. Each mixture of plant powder and distilled water was filtered and then diluted to obtain three concentrations (5, 15 and 25%). Three replications of 18 aqueous extracts and a control (distilled water) were tested for their insecticidal effect on the aphid mortalities by counting the dead larvae 6, 12 and 24 h after their placement on treated bean leaflets. In addition, phytochemical screening was carried out to detect the presence of saponins and polyphenols in the studied extracts.

Through our study, the maceration extract from T. algeriensis at a concentration of 25% was the most effective, with a 70% of larval mortality rate after 24 h. With respect to phytochemical screening, differences in chemical composition were observed between the analyzed extracts (such as the absence of saponins in P. atlantica and its presence in T. algeriensis), which may have a role in the efficacy of the examined treatments.

T. algeriensis extracts may be considered among the tools of integrated pest management (IPM) to minimize the use of synthetic pesticides.

Article Details

How to Cite
Lebbal, S., Hedjazi, N., Tabti, I., Ouarghi, H., & Zeraib, A. (2018). APHICIDAL ACTIVITY OF PLANT EXTRACTS AGAINST APHIS FABAE (SCOPOLI, 1763) (HEMIPTERA : APHIDIDAE). Acta Entomologica Serbica, 23(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1479736


Acheuk, F., Lakhdari, W., Abdellaoui, K., Belaid, M., Allouane, R., & Halouane, F. (2017). Phytochemical study and bioinsecticidal effect of the crude ethonolic extract of the Algerian plant Artemisia judaica L. (Asteraceae) against the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scop. Poljoprivreda i šumarstvo, 63(1), 95-104.

Belmain, S. R., Haggar, J., Holt, J. & Stevenson, P. C. (2013). Managing legume pests in sub‐Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects for improving food security and nutrition through agro‐ecological intensification. Chatham Maritime (United Kingdom): Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich. 34p.

Dolma, S. K., Sharma, E., Gulati, A., & Reddy, S. E. (2018). Insecticidal activities of tea saponin against diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella and aphid, Aphis craccivora. Toxin Reviews, 37(1), 52-55.

Foster, S. P., Devine, G., & Devonshire, A. L. (2007). Insecticide Resistance. In H.F. van Emden & R. Harrington (Eds.), ‘Aphids as Crop Pests’, UK, CAB International, 261-285.

Goławska, S. (2007). Deterrence and toxicity of plant saponins for the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris. Journal of chemical ecology, 33(8), 1598-1606.

Goławska, S., Leszczynski, B., & Wieslaw, O. (2006). Effect of low and high-saponin lines of alfalfa on pea aphid. Journal of Insect Physiology, 52(7), 737-743.

Goławska, S., Łukasik, I., Wójcicka, A., & Sytykiewicz, H. (2012). Relationship between saponin content in alfalfa and aphid development. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica, 54(2), 39-46.

Hill, D. S. (1997). The Economic Importance of Insects. Springer, Dordrecht. 395p.

Hu, Q., Zhao, J., & Cui, J. (1993). The relationships between the level of lignin, a secondary metabolite in soybean plant, and aphid resistance in soybeans. Plant Protection (Institute of Plant Protection, CAAS, China), 19(1), 8-9.

Kulimushi, E. (2014). Evaluation des effets d'insecticides botaniques sur les pucerons noirs du haricot (Aphis fabae) a Goma en République Démocratique du Congo. CRIDHAC, 1, 365-380.

Masoodi, M. H., Ahmed, B., Zargar, I. M., Khan, S. A., Khan, S., & Singh, P. (2008). Antibacterial activity of whole plant extract of Marrubium vulgare. African journal of Biotechnology, 7(2), 86-87.

N’Guessan, K., Kadja, B., Zirihi, G., Traoré, D., & Aké-Assi, L. (2009). Screening phytochimique de quelques plantes médicinales ivoiriennes utilisées en pays Krobou (Agboville, Côte-d’Ivoire). Sciences & Nature, 6(1), 1-15.

Salhi, A., Bouyanzer, A., El Mounsi, I., Bendaha, H., Hamdani, I., El Ouariachi, E., Chetouani, A., Chahboun, N., Hammouti, B., Desjobert, J. M., & Costa, J. (2016). Chemical composition, antioxidant and anticorrosive activities of Thymus algeriensis. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 7(11), 3949-3960.

Soro, T. Y., Traore, F., Datte, J. Y., & Nene-Bi, A. S. (2009). Activité antipyrétique de l’extrait aqueux de Ximenia americana. Phytothérapie, 7(6), 297-303.

Stanković, S., Milošević, M. I., & Žikić, V. (2015). Potential candidates for biological control of the black bean aphid Aphis fabae in Serbia. Biologica Nyssana, 6(1), 49-54.

Szynkarczyk, S., Leszczynski, B., Oleszek, W., & Staszewski, Z. (2001). Development of pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) on alfalfa lines varied in saponin content. Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects, 8, 121-130.

Tohidi, M., Khayami, M., Nejati, V., & Meftahizade, H. (2011). Evaluation of antibacterial activity and wound healing of Pistacia atlantica and Pistacia khinjuk. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(17), 4310-4314.

Weigand, S., & Bishara, S. I. (1991). Status of insect pests of faba bean in the Mediterranean region and methods of control. Options Mediterraneennes. Serie A: Seminaires Mediterraneens, 10, 67-74.

Zaghouane, O. (1991). The situation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in Algeria. Options Mediterraneennes. Serie A: Seminaires Mediterraneens, 10, 123-125.